Applicants, who want a driver's license for a category, for which no driving license has previously been issued, must undergo a compulsory driving education in accordance with the curriculum for the driving education for the category in question.
Who must teach?
Only approved driving instructors, who must teach students, who want a driver's license. The driving instructor approval will appear on the driving license as a special endorsement. The driving training can be completed at private driving schools. In addition, driving lessons are available at AMU centers, and for military personnel or personnel in the emergency services of the defense or the state emergency services, respectively.
The purpose of the teaching
In his driving instruction, the driving instructor must follow the syllabus for the selected category. The curriculum defines the knowledge, skills and that behavior, which the applicant must possess in order to acquire a driving license
The purpose of the driving training is:
- to give you insight into and understanding of the dangers and difficulties, you as drivers of vehicles meet in traffic, as well as provide you with knowledge of the traffic rules and other legal provisions,
relevant in this regard.
To provide you with such knowledge of the vehicle and its operation, that you can identify any deficiencies that have a bearing on safety.
- to give you an understanding of the basic human conditions, affecting driving skills, so that you can make full use of your abilities and to the extent necessary
counteract ordinary human limitations.
- to give you the ability to critically assess traffic and drive the vehicle without danger to yourself and others.
To contribute to, that you become a considerate and responsible driver.
- to provide you with knowledge and understanding of the situation of vulnerable road users, especially in relation to motorized traffic.
It is therefore not enough in the teaching to get to know the ideals and requirements of the Traffic Act, if, how you should, must and must move. Particular attention must also be paid to the risk factors and hazards, which, despite the rules of the Traffic Act, occurs daily in traffic.
You must quickly learn to perceive and assess the various danger signs of other road users' behavior, the maneuverability of the vehicles, the road, the weather and led. This will allow you to anticipate dangerous situations and react to them in a timely manner.
The sub-goals in the curricula for the driving education constitute the actual guidelines for the teaching and clarify carefully, what you need to know and be able to do after completing driving lessons.
The theoretical and practical teaching must be integrated and must follow the division of the syllabus into sections. It means, that you will be led from easier to more difficult exercises, and that the theoretical and practical teaching will be coordinated, so that, as far as possible, you receive the theoretical teaching of a subject shortly before the practical teaching of the same subject.
Driving a car or motorcycle is a practical act. Therefore, driving education also has its center of gravity in the practice of practical skills. The practical teaching begins with maneuvers in a closed practice area, then continue with practice driving on a normal road and end with maneuvers on a driving technical system.
The content of the teaching
The teaching is composed of many different topics. Each topic is included to strengthen your abilities in a particular direction. Here is an explanation of the actual goals of the various topics.
The car's interior, equipment and documents
Knowledge of the vehicle's interior and equipment and understanding of functions thus, that a correct and gentle handling of the vehicle is learned and a safe execution of the various maneuvers is achieved;. In addition, you must be able to identify defects or faults in the vehicle yourself, which has an impact on road safety. Finally, you must be acquainted with the most important documents related to the use of the vehicle.
Maneuvers in a closed practice area
Ability to master the car at low speeds while performing maneuvers, occurring in ordinary traffic, you. commissioning, stop, forward- and reverse driving, oscillation, turn, parking at the roadside and in the parking stall.
The maneuvers must be performed in an approved closed practice area.
Maneuverability of vehicles
Knowledge of the maneuvering characteristics of the different vehicles and the different orientation conditions of the drivers thus, that you learn to anticipate the difficulties, that can occur in certain situations, and thus assess the risk you are exposing yourself or others to by getting too close to another vehicle.
Knowledge of some basic psychological conditions when driving a car or motorcycle thus, that familiarity with one's own perception- and responsiveness is achieved, and thereby develop safe attitudes. Understanding the behavior of other road users, so it helps you to learn to anticipate their possible mistakes or thoughtlessness in traffic and in time to respond appropriately to them.
Finally, you must be made aware of the applicable legal provisions on drivers' ability to drive and health conditions and on the duty to show special consideration to certain road users..
Knowledge of risk factors by the road, depending on i.a.. weather and driving or other road users way of moving, so it helps you to learn, to anticipate danger situations that can often occur in certain places on a road or on certain stretches of road, and in a timely manner respond appropriately to them.
Basic rules for driving a car or motorcycle
Knowledge of some general legal provisions for driving a car, immediately before you have to go through the exercises in driving on the road. You must also be made aware of some terms in the Traffic Act, which specifies specific requirements for the driving style of any maneuver.
Maneuvers on the road
Ability to safely and considerably adapt driving to the changing traffic conditions and applicable traffic rules on different types of roads and times (in and out of rush hour, in daylight and darkness) during the execution of all normal maneuvers.
Special risk conditions in traffic
Knowledge of some special risk factors regarding driving that help you to become familiar with your own ability and to develop a safe attitude and behavior.
Maneuvers on driving systems
Knowledge of some basic physical conditions regarding driving, that it helps you understand the importance of adjusting speed, steering and braking according to the conditions. Furthermore, some skill must be gained in mastering the vehicle at moderate speed in certain critical situations, including braking on the shortest possible distance, braking and evasive maneuvers on the road with high and low friction as well as straightening the vehicle after skidding on the road.
The maneuvers must be performed on an approved driving technical system.
Number of lessons
The initial driving lessons for motorcycles and cars take place in a closed practice area and the final lessons for all categories - except category B / E, D / E - takes place on a driving technical system.
In the teaching, special emphasis is placed on the needs of the individual student. Some maneuvers must be learned with great safety and precision, some maneuvers need to be mastered and other maneuvers you need to gain some skill in.
It is therefore not possible, to set a number of lessons that all driving students must complete. Legislation requires, that a standard program for a satisfactory educational course consists of 53 lessons of 45 minutes duration for ordinary car. Most students, however, will need more lessons to achieve the necessary skill in driving a car. 53 lessons talk about an absolute minimum.
Completion of driving training
At the driving test, it is assessed whether the purpose of the driving training has been achieved. The content of the driving test can be found in the section on the content of the driving test.
According to the regulations on driving training, the teaching of theory and practice must be integrated and must follow the section division of the teaching plan. The initial and final driving lessons must take place in a closed practice area and a driving technical facility, respectively..
If you - for example after having had several attempts to pass the practical test - are in a continued teaching process, preserves the previously completed exercises at the closed exercise site and at the driving technical facility, regardless of whether several years may have passed.
If, on the other hand, the teaching process has been interrupted and the interruption has been of a longer duration, you must again go through the exercises on the closed exercise area and the driving technical facility. Only in this way can the intention behind the curriculum for a coherent educational course be preserved